ROU Killing Time wrote:strawman wrote:I have passed your inquiry on to Bo Kaier, DC master illustrator.
The Landesgartenschau Exhibition Hall in Schwäbisch Gmünd, Germany, looks like a peanut crossed with a honeycomb. This odd, organic-looking building would've never been made if not for the powers of computational design and robotic manufacturing.
For the better part of history we've left architecture up to humans, and the results haven't been so bad. But now, as our computers have gotten smarter and our robots more dexterous, machines are taking a turn at designing our buildings, and they're creating things we never could have.
Designed by the team at University of Stuttgart's Institute for Computational Design, this 2,700 sq. foot hall has a beech wood shell that's made up of 243 unique geometric plates that latch together via more than 7,600 finger joints. Each of those plates is 50 millimetres thick -- or to put that in perspective, thinner than an egg shell, if you're looking at ratio of thickness-to-span. The project began with a simple question: How can you create a resilient timber structure with as little material as possible? The answer, it turned out, was going to take an integration of multiple digital processes.
"The hope, says Menges, is that this process can bring out the best in both humans and computers."
The exhibition hall's organic shape was the result of computational design, a process that uses software to find the optimal shape of a structure.
The first endoskeletal hybrid space module - TransHab – was developed in the late 1990s at NASA’s Johnson Space Center. TransHab is a complex, semi-inflatable vehicle whose two basic configurations - launch and deployed - are each optimized for their respective environments. In the spring of 2005 a team of architects and structural engineers at *synthesis international* i completed a preliminary formal study in adapting the paradigm to design a module whose operations concept is similar to that of TransHab, but operating in a different environment - that of a planetary surface. This Surface Endoskeletal Inflatable Module [SEIM] is a fundamental element of the critical path for human exploration: the surface habitat.
To demonstrate the how space architecture designers can create intelligent associative models, this paper presents an iterative method for refining the shell and interior design of SEIM. The salient features of the design method are the use of 3D parametric modeling software for geometry definition - Generative Components by Bentley Systems, and the semiautomated two-way transfer of data between the design and analysis tools. The independent variable in this study is the geometry of the inflatable shell. The dependant variable is the interior spatial configuration. Fixed parameters include the geometry of the rigid frame and the stowed volume inside the launch platform. The parametric model allows rapid evaluation of the quality of the habitable spaces for a number of shell geometries.
secretnude wrote:Now much off my Tumour
Potions for moar
than a week
and I geeketh
not only to maketh
but also to mastereth
thy Web Programming Arts.
on another thread
that ROU had
thy bad back
and I once had
thy bad back too
much sitting in thy comfy office chair
that wast great cause of despair,
and medical therapy.
that ROU's back does get
as my back hath been better
much long medical break
and at least my back didn't break.
Global warming could affect storm formation by decreasing the temperature difference between the poles and the equator. That temperature difference fuels the mid-latitude storms affect the Earth’s most populated regions. Warmer temperatures could increase the amount of water vapor that enters the atmosphere. The result is a hotter, more humid environment. At the equator, where conditions are already hot and humid, the change isn’t expected to be large. At the poles, however, the air is cold and dry; a little extra heat and water vapor could raise temperatures greatly. As a result, global warming may cause the temperature difference between the poles and the equator to decrease. and as the difference decreases, so should the number of storms, says George Tselioudis, a research scientist at NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) and Columbia University.
But even as a warming climate might decrease the overall number of storms that form, it could increase the number of intense storms. As temperatures continue to rise, more and more water vapor could evaporate into the atmosphere, and water vapor is the fuel for storms. “If we are creating an atmosphere more loaded with humidity, any storm that does develop has greater potential to develop into an intense storm,” says Tselioudis.
MANILA, Philippines – The flood control plan for the Pasig River, which stretches between Metro Manila and Laguna Lake, takes notes from the river control system set up in Amsterdam, said Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH) Secretary Rogelio Singson.
The plan makes room for the river. “You cannot do away with constricting or putting obstructions on the river system you have to make room for the river so we are recovering as much as we can by removing obstructions on the waterway,” Singson said when he spoke at the Philippine Economic briefing on February 13.
Singson said the plan addresses 3 major flooding issues: water coming from the Sierra Madre, the carrying capacity of San Juan and Pasig River waterways and low-lying communities.
“We are finalizing the final design to stop the water coming down and lower the volume that comes down Pasig and Marikina river. We are also increasing the capacity by raising the walls of the Pasig River together with improving the pumping system that are 20-30 year old around Metro Manila,” said Singson.
The DPWH introduced its P351.72-billion flood management master plan in August 2012. This plan comes in place to prevent heavy flooding like the one during storm Ondoy in 2009.
The extensive infrastructure work, which covers a total of 11 infrastructure projects, including the construction of a P198.43 billion dam in Marikina, will be rolled out in phases until 2035.
The plan was approved by the National Economic and Development Authority’s Sub-Committee on Water Resources in July.
In November 2012, DPWH announced that it had increased the walls of a 23-kilometer stretch of Pasig River to make it more resilient to heavy flooding and protect 40 surrounding barangays.
A petition to save Arturo “the world’s saddest animal” has seen nearly 200,000 people adding their voice to a campaign to get the polar bear transported away from his "inhumane" enclosure in Argentina.
At the last count, just under 184,000 people had signed the petition that called for Arturo to be re-homed in a specialist polar bear sanctuary in Canada.
A report in the Sunday People this weekend, brought the plight of Arturo, who for twenty years has had to endure terrible conditions as a tourist attraction in Argentina's Mendoza Zoo, to the British public.
The report showed that the animal, who in the wild would be used to freezing Antartic conditions and expanses of icy glaziers, had for the past two decades been cooped up in a small concrete enclosure that can reach up to 40C.
It got even worse for Arturo two years ago when his long-term companion and enclosure partner, Pelusa, died.
According to animal experts, these conditions have led to concerns over Arturo's mental well-being, with the polar displaying many behavioural traits that indicate depression in the animal.
dogs and cats are even being diagnosed with depression.
Christina Shusterich, a dog behavior expert, told CBS 2′s Kristine Johnson that dogs can indeed suffer from depression — and there are signs.
“Their eating habits can change,” she said. “Their sleeping habits can change. But also, there’s a real sense of the dog being sort of shut down.”
A veterinarian suggested the owner of Judah, a 4-year-old dog, call a behaviorist. Shusterich uses a series of tasks to help Judah gain more enjoyment out of life.
“What makes a dog’s tail wag is not funneling treats in her mouth, but praise,” Shusterich said. “So as they’re performing these jobs, we’re going to be heavily, heavily praising them.”
While the activities may seem simple, they help Judah gain confidence to get back to her old self.
Depression can be a very real issue for cats, too.
Lori Lawnsby said the behavior exhibited by her cat, Christmas, became so troubling she called cat behaviorist Carole Wilbourn.
“He just looked very withdrawn and wasn’t making eye contact,” Lawnsby said.
Wilbourn’s approach to helping depressed cats includes a healthy dose of patience and affection — for both the pets and the owners.
“I help the people, the guardians help the cats, and the cats help the people,” Wilbourn said.
Forty years ago, Richard O'Barry watched Kathy, a dolphin in the 1960s television show Flipper, kill herself. Or so he says. She looked him in the eye, sank to the bottom of a steel tank and stopped breathing. The moment transformed the dolphin trainer into an animal-rights activist for life, and his role in The Cove, the Oscar-winning documentary about the dolphin-meat business in a small town in Japan, has transformed him into a celebrity.
"The suicide was what turned me around," says O'Barry. "The [animal entertainment] industry doesn't want people to think dolphins are capable of suicide, but these are self-aware creatures with a brain larger than a human brain. If life becomes so unbearable, they just don't take the next breath. It's suicide."
Animal suicide may seem absurd, yet the concept is as old as philosophy. Aristotle told a story about a stallion that leaped into an abyss after realizing it was duped into mating with its mother, and the topic was discussed by early Christian theologians and Victorian academics. "The questioning of animal suicide is essentially people looking at what it means to be human," says Duncan Wilson, a medical historian at the University of Manchester and co-author of a study in the March issue of the British journal Endeavour on the history of self-destructive animals. "The people talking about animal suicide today seem to be using it as a way to evoke sympathy for the plight of mistreated and captive animals."
Changes in how humans have interpreted animal suicide reflect shifting values about animals and our own self-destruction, the paper argues. The Romans saw animal suicide as both natural and noble; an animal they commonly reported as suicidal was one they respected, the horse. Then for centuries, discussion of animal suicide seems to have stopped. Christian thinkers like St. Thomas Aquinas deemed suicide sinful for humans and impossible for animals. "Everything naturally loves itself," wrote Aquinas in the 13th century. "The result being that everything naturally keeps itself in being."
In 19th century Britain, however, after Darwin demonstrated how humans evolved from animals, humane societies formed, vegetarianism and pets became popular, and reports of animal suicide resurfaced. The usual suspect this time was the dog. In 1845 the Illustrated London News reported on a Newfoundland who had repeatedly tried to drown himself: "The animal appeared to get exhausted, and by dint of keeping his head determinedly under water for a few minutes, succeeded at last in obtaining his object, for when taken out this time he was indeed dead."
Wilson's study provides that account of animal suicide and many others — that of a canvasback duck, a cat, pelicans, scorpions — but intentionally doesn't address the issue of whether these animals or any others are technically capable of ending their own lives. Thomas Joiner, a Florida State University psychologist, does take that stand. His new book, Myths About Suicide, links the suicidal tendencies of living creatures. "Across nature there seems to be the same kind of calculation," says Joiner. "Is my death worth more than my life?
Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 1 guest